Both /f/ and /v/ are labiodental fricative consonants. However, /f/ is voiceless and /v/ is voiced. When you pronounce /f/, your vocal cords should not vibrate. At the end of a word, the vowel before /f/ will be shorter than the vowel before /v/.
You can hear the difference between /f/ and /v/ in these words.
1. A. face, B. vase 2. A. fan, B. van 3. A. surf, B. serve 4. A. leaf, B. leave 5. A. shelf, B. shelve 6. A. safer, B. savor
Both /f/ and /θ/ are voiceless fricative consonants. However, /f/ is a labiodental consonant, and /θ/ is an dental consonant. You should pronounce /f/ with your upper teeth rubbing against your lower lip.
You can hear the difference between /f/ and /θ/ in the words below.
1. A. fought, B. thought 2. A. first, B. thirst 3. A. free, B. three 4. A. deaf, B. death 5. A. reefs, B. wreaths 6. A. whiff, B. with
Listen and repeat these words:
1. fake 2. phone 3. fire 4. fever 5. flame 6. flower 7. frown 8. fraction 9. fantasy 10. offer
11. rough 12. left 13. coughs 14. selfish 15. afraid 16. after 17. different 18. effective 19. fifth 20. philosopher
Now, practice /f/ in sentences. Say the words first, then the sentences.
1. afford - forget - phone You can't afford to forget your phone! 2. cough - fever - feels He has a cough and a fever, so he feels very sick. 3. flying – after - final I'm flying home after final exams. 4. family - friends - fireworks - fourth My family and friends watched fireworks on July Fourth. 5. left – before – finished I left before the class was finished. 6. fee - ferry - five The fee for riding the ferry is five dollars.
To practice with different varieties of English, choose another native English speaker by clicking one of the links below: