The consonant /dʒ/ voiced, alveo-palatal, affricate consonant




  • "j" - jump, reject
  • "g" - magic , gentle
  • "ge" - age, large
  • "dj" - adjacent, adjective
  • "dg" - badger, gadget
  • "dge" - lodge, budge
  • “di” – soldier, cordial
  • “d” (+u) – graduate, education

The sound /dʒ/ can be in these consonant clusters:
  • Beginning of a Syllable
  • End of a Syllable
/ndʒ/ (“nge”) - change
/ldʒ/ (“lge”) - bulge
/rdʒ/ (“rge”) - large
/dʒd/ (“ged”) - edged
/ndʒd/ (“nged”) - hinged
/ldʒd/ (“lged”) - divulged
/rdʒd/ (“rged”) - charged
Compare /dʒ/ with tʃ/:

These are both alveo-palatal, affricate consonants. However, /dʒ/ is a voiced consonant and /tʃ/ is a voiceless consonant.

You can hear the difference between /dʒ/ and /tʃ/ in these words.
1. A. jest, B. chest
2. A. joke, B. choke
3. A. badge, B. batch
4. A. lunge, B. lunch
5. A. surged, B. searched
6. A. ridges, B. riches
Now compare /dʒ/ and /d/:

These are both voiced consonants in a similar position. However, /dʒ/ is an alveo-palatal affricate, while /d/ is an alveolar stop. The sound /dʒ/ begins as a stop (with no air coming through the mouth) but then moves into a fricative (with some air released).

You can hear the difference between /dʒ/ and /d/ in these words.
1. A. jump, B. dump
2. A. jock, B. dock
3. A. hedge, B. head
4. A. large, B. lard
5. A. adage, B. added
6. A. raging, B. raiding
Listen and repeat these words:
1. juice
2. jeans
3. jacket
4. Japan
5. gentle
6. jealous
7. justice
8. page
9. judge
10. range
11. merge
12. bandage
13. major
14. adjunct
15. packaging
16. managers
17. adjective
18. damaged
19. knowledgeable
20. judicial

Now, practice /dʒ/ in sentences. Say the words first, then the sentences.
1. original – strategy – procedure
Our original strategy didn’t work, so we’re trying a new procedure.
2. graduated – college – languages
She graduated from college with a degree in Asian languages.
3. jar – jam – edge
A jar of jam fell off the edge of the counter.
4. manager – just - packages 
The manager just picked up the packages
5. vegetables – juice – fridge 
The vegetables and juice should be in the fridge.
6. imagine – jacket – July
I can’t imagine why you’d need a jacket in July.

To practice with different varieties of English, choose another native English speaker by clicking one of the links below:

Consonants /d/ and /g/

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