The sound /g/ voiced, velar, stop consonant




  • "g" - grow, dog
  • "gg" - bigger, luggage
  • "gu" - guest, guess
  • "gue" - vague, rogue

The sound /g/ can be in these consonant clusters:
  • Beginning of a Syllable
/gl/ ("gl") - glass
/gr/ ("gr') - grow
  • End of a Syllable
/gd/ ("gged") - hugged
/gz/ ("gs" / "gues" / "x") - dogs, rogues, example
Compare /g/ with /k/:

These are both velar, stop consonants. However, /g/ is a voiced consonant while /k/ is a voiceless consonant. When you pronounce /g/, your vocal cords should vibrate.

You can hear the difference between /g/ and /k/ in these words.
1. A. game, B. came
2. A. glue, B. clue
3. A. grow, B. crow
4. A. log, B. lack
5. A. tag, B. tack
6. A. anger, B. anchor

Now, compare /g/ and /ŋ/:

These are both voiced, velar consonants. However, /ŋ/ is a nasal while /g/ is a stop. When you pronounce /g/, air should stop in your mouth and then be released.

You can hear the difference between /g/ and /ŋ/ in these words.
1. A. wig, B. wing
2. A. sag, B. sang
3. A. lug, B. lung
4. A. tugs, B. tongues
5. A. logged, B. longed
6. A. straggle, B. strangle
Listen and repeat these words:
1. guess
2. gain
3. gecko
4. glass
5. glow
6. green
7. beg
8. vague
9. hugged
10. logs
11. again
12. argue
13. agree
14. ugly
15. ungrateful
16. struggle
17. finger
18. organize
19. example
20. agriculture

Now, practice /g/ in sentences. Say the words first, then the sentences.
1. get - good - grades
How can I get good grades?
2. grab - glasses - guests
Please grab two glasses for our guests.
3. going - great - goal
Going to college is a great goal.
4. grandma - gave - gloves
My grandma gave me her gloves.
5. angry - ignored - again
I'm angry that you ignored me again.
6. burglar - mugged - grocery
A burglar mugged me when I left the grocery store.

To practice with different varieties of English, choose another native English speaker by clicking one of the links below:

Consonants /d/ and /g/

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