The consonant /r/ may be at the beginning of a word, in the middle of a word, or at the end of a word. If /r/ is at the end of a word, it has a slightly different sound. To pronounce /r/ at the end of a word (especially after a tense vowel like /iy/ or /ey/), use the vowel /ər/ ("-er") and drop the pitch of your voice in the middle of the vowel. Enunciate the final consonant clearly.
Try to hear the /ər/ and pitch drop in these examples.
The consonant /r/ can be in these consonant clusters:
The consonants /r/ and /l/ are both voiced,liquid consonants. However, /r/ is pronounced with the tongue near (but not touching) the roof of your mouth, while /l/ is pronounced with the the tip of the tongue touching the gum ridge.
You can hear the difference between /r/ and /l/ in these words.
1. A. rake, B. lake 2. A. grass, B. glass 3. A. mayor, B. mail 4. A. fires, B. files 5. A. barked, B. balked 6. A. steering, B. steeling
Listen and repeat these words:
1.right 2.raise 3.reason 4.really 5.arrow 6. pouring 7. fire 8. world 9. cream 10. praise
Now, practice /r/ in sentences. Say the words first, then the sentences.
1. car - parking - garage I left my car in the parking garage 2. forecast - predict - rain - tomorrow The weather forecast is predicting rain tomorrow. 3. afford - rent - borrow If you can't afford to buy textbooks, you can rent or borrow them. 4. dark - road - drive - carefully If you're on a dark road, you should drive carefully. 5. fourth - engineering - course This is the fourth week of my engineering course. 6. brother - warned - strangers My brother warned me not to talk to strangers.
To practice with different varieties of English, choose another native English speaker by clicking one of the links below: